Cardiologist located in Pomona, Montclair, & West Covina, CA
It's normal for your heart rate to speed up when you're exercising or under stress, but the rhythm shouldn't change. If you've noticed an irregularity in your heartbeat, experienced cardiologist Yogesh Paliwal, MD, and his team at Indus Cardiology can help. They provide services at three locations in Pomona, Montclair, and West Covina, California, where they can diagnose the cause of your arrhythmia and find the most effective treatment. Call Indus Cardiology to schedule a consultation or book an appointment online today.
What is arrhythmia?
The term arrhythmia describes multiple kinds of heart problems that affect the rhythm of your heart and the speed at which it beats.
Arrhythmias are a result of some form of disruption in the electrical system that governs your heartbeat. The signals that tell your heart to contract — producing the beat — come from the sinus node.
If you have a condition that leads your sinus node to malfunction, it can cause your heart to beat too fast or slow down too much and disrupt the normal, regular rhythm.
You could have an arrhythmia from birth due to a congenital condition — a fault in the development of your heart. Several chronic health conditions can also cause arrhythmia, including hypertension and coronary artery disease.
Are there different types of arrhythmia?
There are several types of arrhythmia, including:
- Atrial fibrillation
- Ventricular fibrillation
- Conduction disorders
- Premature contraction
- Tachycardia (fast heartbeat)
- Bradycardia (slow heartbeat)
Arrhythmia has some similarities to palpitations — the sensation of your heart racing or beating irregularly. However, palpitations are typically short-lived and often due to temporary issues like stress or excess caffeine levels.
How is the cause of arrhythmia diagnosed?
The Indus Cardiology team has considerable experience in diagnosing the cause of arrhythmia. They begin by asking about your family and personal medical history and discussing your symptoms.
Your provider checks your blood pressure and uses a stethoscope to listen to your heart. They might also take a blood sample for laboratory analysis. Further specialized tests you might need following your initial exam include:
- Cardiac MRI or CT scan
- Holter monitoring
- Stress testing
- Tilt-table test
- Electrophysiologic testing (EP study)
- Esophageal electrophysiologic procedure
These tests help your provider isolate the reason why you have arrhythmia, so they can prescribe the most effective treatment.
What treatments can help with arrhythmia?
Several possible treatments can help with arrhythmia, depending on the cause.
A key aspect of dealing with arrhythmia is to optimize the treatment of any underlying health problems, such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension (high blood pressure). This reduces stress on your heart and improves your general health and resilience.
Other treatments that could help manage your arrhythmia include:
- Anti-arrhythmic medicines
- Calcium channel blockers and beta blockers
- Anticoagulants (blood thinners)
- Pacemaker or defibrillator implantation
- Catheter ablation
If you've noticed any irregularities in your heartbeat, call Indus Cardiology today for expert advice or book an appointment online.